WOMEN PIONEERS OF EMPIRICAL AESTHETICS (2): Margaret Floy Washburn

Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) graduated at Vassar College. She was interested in both science and philosophy, so she decided to study psychology after graduating. She learnt that James McKeen Cattell had established a new laboratory of psychology and Columbia University, and she determined to study with him (Washburn, 1932). At that time, Columbia did not admit […]

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Women pioneers of Empirical Aesthetics (1): Lillien Jane Martin

Lillien Jane Martin (1851-1943) graduated from Vassar in 1880. She taught botany, physics, and chemistry at high schools in Indianapolis and later San Francisco. She was 43 when she resigned her position and decided to pursue psychology, a lifelong interest of hers (Fenton, 1943). She went to Göttingen in 1894, and spent four years there, even […]

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